These days, individuals are becoming more and more conscious about their diets. This is especially true for those who are working on their weight loss regimen and those who are bodybuilding. For a lot of people, protein powder has become a popular choice. For others, like older adults or some ill individuals who struggle to meet the recommended protein intake, it stands as supplements.
But there are many factors to consider aside from simply going to your local store and asking for a supplement. For one, there is a wide variety of protein powders that you can choose from. Here are seven of its most common types.
- Whey Protein
Whey protein is the liquid byproduct during the curdling stage in cheesemaking. This liquid is collected and dried to produce this type of supplement.
It is high in protein, making it easy to digest. It also contains a significant amount of leucine, an amino acid that promotes muscle growth. It also helps one improve endurance, especially during extensive workout routines.
Additionally, whey protein does not stop with muscle growth. It also helps maintain muscle mass. As this is so, it is a popular choice for athletes and bodybuilders.
- Casein Protein
Casein is also found in milk, like whey. However, casein is collected from the curds, which are then washed and dried to form the protein powder.
Casein is absorbed in the body at a much slower rate. This is because when casein reaches the stomach, it forms a gel as it comes in contact with stomach acid. This gives a feeling of being full even after hours of not eating.
Casein protein powders are best for people who need to promote muscle mass growth and weight loss.
- Egg Protein
As everyone knows, eggs are a good source of protein. A lot of athletes and bodybuilders choose to eat more of the protein-rich egg whites and leave the carbohydrate-rich egg yolks behind.
As such, egg protein powders are typically composed of egg whites. Small as they are, eggs are like any other animal product that contains sufficient protein that the body needs.
Next to whey protein, egg protein powder is the highest source of leucine, making it a favourite for people with dairy allergies. Athletes who are building lean mass and improving muscle strength can also try this
- Brown Rice Protein
Some studies indicate that brown rice protein provides similar results to whey protein in terms of changes in body composition and enhancement of muscle strength. However, as brown rice does not contain all the essential amino acids, it cannot be considered a complete protein. But more research is needed on brown rice protein.
- Pea Protein
For obvious reasons, pea protein powder is the preferred choice for vegetarians, vegans, and other people who do not eat eggs and dairy. It is made from yellow split pea, a legume that contains a high amount of fibre and essential amino acids.
Protein powders are concentrated sources of protein. These are processed forms of protein extracted from a specific source, as indicated above. However, each person’s needs are different from others, so it is best to identify what your body needs first. You can then choose which one is right for you, whether you are looking to lose weight, build muscle, or maybe enhance your health.